Preventing a fire from spreading and maintaining structural stability is of utmost Importance in commercial and industrial building.
Passive Fire Protection:
Passive fire protection installations are installed to contain fire, gas and smoke to its source thus enabling safe evacuation of human occupancy and to minimise structural and other plant damage.
The National Building Regulation SABS 0400 Section T identify certain key areas where Passive Fire installation are key to building safety
- Protection and safe evacuation of the occupants
- Spread and intensity of the fire is minimised as well as spread to surrounding building
- Sufficient stability of the building is maintained
Typical areas where passive fire protection installation are used.
- Fire sealing to through penetrations. These installation are to have the same integrity of the wall and floor through which the services penetrate such as electrical cables, wood and plastic pipes.
- Prolonging the structural stability of the building especially where steel is used as structural element. In a commercial building the failure rate of steel is deemed to be 550 °C. This temperature is reached within 5 minutes of a standard time temperature building fire.
Fires in buildings take a costly toll ensuring the right design, product approval and installation competency can minimise this risk.